SEN = Special Educational Needs. With the advent of the Additional Learning Needs Bill the phrase Special Educational Needs has been superseded for all but the still current SEN CoP. Thus instead of SEN departments we now hear the term ALN department. In schools the job title SENCO is currently being replaced by ALNCO (Additional Learning Needs Coordinator).
ALN - Additional Learning Needs. You'll hear this phrase used more and more as local authorities begin to prepare for the anticipated rollout of new legislation in 2018. The two phrases should be considered interchangeable during this transition phase.
EHE - Self-funded programmes are called EHE (Elective Home Education). No formal monitoring of provision, but an annual meeting outside the home is now expected. Parents are expected to show willingness to engage with their Local Authority on an annual basis. Parents who are funding their child's education themselves already know how well their children are progressing. The parents assume full legal and fiscal responsibility for the education a child receives. Many parents who feel their children have been failed by the system, resent attempts to monitor them by that same system. Elective Home Education Government guidance here. We keep a list of local EHE groups in our online support group for newcomers to enable newcomers to Home Education to be able to go and meet their local group/s.
EOTAS - LA funded home programmes are commonly referred to as EOTAS (Education Other Than At School) in official documentation. The Local authority is responsible for the Education be provided. This group of pupils includes those in Hospital schools & PRU's as well as those receiving Home Tuition from LA tutors, ABA or II programmes in the Home environment. Monitoring of the LA funded provision is right and proper to ensure taxpayers money is spent correctly. Welsh Government guidance here. In many areas these services are under threat due to funding cuts.
It is incredibly important for ALL parents of children to be aware of the very clear difference in status between EHE & EOTAS, both in terms of funding expectations, and their own duties under the law.
FORCED Home Educators - This is a grey area which covers children who are not currently in the school environment for a variety of reasons from bullying to illness and lack of support at school for special needs. Legally children in this group may fall into either of the two categories listed above. This group has become and increasing phenomenon in recent years as sadly cuts to NHS & Education services have begun to bite. The shortage of specialist teaching facilities is a contributory factor, as is the overload on child mental health services at present. It is in everyone's interest to ensure that this growth is halted. This term is used a lot in Home Education support circles but we'd really rather not have to! Off-rolling is a term often used to refer to illegal exclusion of ALN pupils and if this happens to your child we'll happily put you in touch with organisations that can help. FLEXI - schoolers. There are children who spend part of their week in school and part of it being educated at Home. Permission to do this is at the discretion of the individual Head Teacher so arrangements vary, and the child remains on the school roll.
Social Services and Wellbeing Act (Wales) 2014 which replaces part III of the existing Children's Act from April 2016. This is a crucial change of approach from "welfare" to "well-being" & now covers whole of life from birth to old age. Many parents will first notice the implementation of this act via the new "person centred planning" approach being rolled out to many Local Authorities for transition etc. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/anaw/2014/4/contents/enacted
Estyn - The Inspectorate for Education and Training in Wales.
ADHD: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ALN: additional learning needs ASD/C: Autistic Spectrum Disorders/Conditions, includes Asperger’s Syndrome ATR: additional teacher resource BESD, ESBD or SEBD: Behaviour, Emotional and Social Difficulties CoP: Code of Practice DCD: developmental coordination disorder HI: hearing impairment MSI: multi-sensory impairment MLD: profound and multiple learning difficulties SpLD: specific learning difficulties, including dyslexia VI: visual impairment